Welcome to Hayden-Island.NET
Welcome to Hayden Island’s Emergency Preparedness site — the go-to resource for island residents and visitors concerned about a major Subduction Zone Earthquake.
This unofficial resource was created by Hayden Island’s Neighborhood Emergency Team. It’s designed to assist Hayden Island residents, but everyone is welcome to view and contribute information. This document is also available free as a pdf file, as an ebook from Smashwords or as a Kindle download for $2 on Amazon. It’s a work in progress so content may change.
Portland’s Neighborhood Emergency Teams (NETs) are volunteers who have been trained by Portland’s Emergency Management Department to provide assistance in the event of floods, earthquakes or other emergencies. NETs are your neighbors. They help local people and professional responders. You can be a NET volunteer, too. It’s fun.
Hayden Island is Portland’s only island community. The Interstate-5 bridge, connecting Oregon and Washington brings in 10,000 people daily to the Jantzen Beach Shopping Center, while some 3,000 full time residents live here in floating homes, condos and manufactured homes.
A major earthquake will strand people and create hardships for weeks or months. It pays to be prepared. We hope you find this preparedness guide useful.
But geologists, first responders and government officials say much of western Oregon and Washington will experience a 9.0 Megathrust Earthquake. Maybe in 50 years. Maybe tomorrow. It will have an unparalleled impact. The last Cascadia Subduction Zone Earthquake happened in January, 1700.
This website aggregates content from emergency experts and provides information specific to Hayden Island. It walks you though steps you may want to take to prepare for The Big One.
Geologists say the next 9.0 Cascadia Subduction Zone Earthquake could happen anytime. We are now 315 years into a 200-500 year cycle.
It will likely be a disaster. The coast will be hardest hit. Hillsides will slide. Buildings will collapse. Roads will buckle. High-rises will sway. Pipes will snap. The ground will slide, turn to mush and water will spring out. People will be injured and killed. There’s little doubt about it.
The Portland Bureau of Emergency Management, Multnomah County Emergency Management, Clark County Regional Emergency Services Agency and Neighorhood Emergency Teams, among others, are preparing for the inevitable. Shouldn’t you?
Nobody knows when the Big One will happen…only that it WILL. Here’s your apocalyptic wake-up call from Portland Mercury.
The Cascadia Subduction Zone stretches from Northern Vancouver Island to Cape Mendocino California. It separates the Juan de Fuca Plate, a 700-mile chunk in the Pacific, and the North America plate, where we live.
For more than 300 years, the Juan de Fuca Plate has been pushing underneath the North America plate. But the subduction is stuck. Relatively soon, the Juan de Fuca plate will be released like a spring.
That massive shift is expected to cause a major earthquake and Tsunami, collapsing many structures and causing the ground to sink six feet or more in places.
“Over the past 10,000 years, there have been 19 earthquakes that extended along most of the margin, stretching from southern Vancouver Island to the Oregon-California border,” according to Oregon State’s Chris Goldfinger. “These would typically be of a magnitude from about 8.7 to 9.2 – really huge earthquakes.”
If a full-margin rupture happens (as it has before), the Northwest will suffer the worst natural disaster in the history of North America, according to a widely quoted New Yorker article.
“Roughly 3,000 people died in San Francisco’s 1906 earthquake. Almost 2,000 died in Hurricane Katrina. Almost 300 died in Hurricane Sandy.
“FEMA projects that nearly 13,000 people will die in the Cascadia earthquake and tsunami. Another 27,000 injured. FEMA expects that it will need to provide shelter for 1 million displaced people, and food and water for another 2.5 million.
We’ve got a situation. A big earthquake is coming and we’re not prepared.
Yes. It’s only common sense to get an emergency kit, gather supplies and make plans…just in case an earthquake or disaster strikes. That’s what people in California and Japan do.
Oregon Field Guide’s “Unprepared” special reviewed the possible impact a Cascadia Earthquake could have on Oregon. It’s not a pretty picture.
An Oregon Earthquake scenario in the New Yorker dramatized the threat.
Shaking from a magnitude 9.0 Cascadia Subduction Zone Earthquakewill damage infrastructure, especially older unreinforced masonry buildings. The resulting tsunami, arriving perhaps 10-20 minutes after the shaking stops, may have a big impact on the coast, but is not expected to be a threat to life or property past Longview.
Some 30,000 Oregonians live in the coastal tsunami inundation zone of a M9.0 earthquake. After the initial ground shaking, survivors may only have tens of minutes before the first wave makes landfall. Assuming the 30,000 residents are present at the time of the initial earthquake and begin evacuating the tsunami zone at a slow walk, as many as 6,000 residents may be unable reach higher ground before the first wave hits.
The Port of Portland and Hayden Island are NOT in the tsunami inundation zone. Any tsunami would be largely dissipated within about 50 miles of the Columbia’s mouth, near Longview, Washington, according to numerous studies.
However, Hayden Island residents are likely to experience severe liquefaction, moorage instabilities, and high currents which can damage ships and piers within harbors, according to Oregon Geology.
Drop, Cover and Hold On is the official advice. Crawl under a sturdy table and avoid going outside. DO NOT run to other rooms. DO NOT stand in a doorway. You probably won’t be able to stand up if you tried.
Artwork may fall from the walls and bookshelves may tip over. Let it go. Keep your head down.
Door frames in modern homes are no stronger than any other part of the house, and doorways do not protect you from falling objects, say experts. If you tried to leave an office building, more injuries are generally caused by falling glass, concrete and debris.
Many of Portland’s residential homes built before 1976 have vulnerabilities to earthquakes and the damage may result in them being unusable or in need of costly repairs. Modern seismic codes were developed in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
If you’re on the coast and it’s 3am, RUN, don’t walk to high ground if you experience a big quake. Don’t wait for a warning siren. There isn’t much time. Roads could become jammed. Round up your loved ones and get out of there the best way you know how. A Tsunami may be coming in minutes. Better safe than sorry.
Here’s a Family Plan for the big shake:
- Sit down with your family and/or friends to discuss what to do. Imagine different times of day and scenarios—particularly who will be on what side of the river.
- Set up at least two places to meet: one outside of your home, the other outside of your neighborhood.
- Designate a contact—outside of Portland. Make them your communications hub. Phone lines within and into the city will be jammed. Outbound calls, particularly to other regions of the country, should be easier to make. Texting often goes through when voice can’t.
- Know your evacuation routes! Portland’s emergency planners have developed hazard maps for every neighborhood that include evacuation routes, hospital locations, and other emergency services.
- Have family documents organized and ready to grab and go. That means Social Security cards, insurance information, passports, and birth certificates.
- Get some bikes. Fuel might be tight for days, even months.
The Scouts may have the best advise: Be Prepared. Survival Guides instruct everyone to have a Basic Disaster Supplies Kit, with 2 weeks of supplies, a First Aid Kit and a gallon of water per day per person.
Start with three necessities:
- Water — one gallon per person per day for a minimum of three days
- Food — items that don’t need to be refrigerated or cooked (e.g., peanut butter, canned meats, energy bars, canned fruits and vegetables, etc.)
- First Aid Kit — include any prescription and over-the counter medications.
Build an Emergency Kit
Store your kit in a structurally sound location. It should include the following:
- Water – one to three gallons per person per day, for drinking, cooking and sanitary needs.
- Food – ready to eat, non-perishable, high-protein, high-calorie foods that you enjoy (peanut butter, canned meats, energy bars, canned fruits and vegetables, etc.).
- First aid kit and first aid reference guide.
- Portable battery-operated radio and spare batteries.
- Flashlights and spare batteries.
- List of emergency contacts.
- Blankets, extra clothing, sturdy shoes and gloves.
- Can opener (non-electric).
- Five days or more of critical medications
- Extra pair of eyeglasses, copies of important documents and comfort items such as toys, books and games.
- Food and water for pets.
- Map of local area in case evacuation is necessary.
- Crescent wrench for utility shut-off.
- Duct tape and plastic sheeting or large plastic garbage bags.
- Extra cash and coins for emergency purchases and pay phones.
First Aid Kit
You can buy a first aid kit orbuild one using the list below
- Disposable gloves (two pairs).
- Scissors and safety pins.
- Roller gauze and elastic bandages.
- Non-stick sterile pads (different sizes).
- Assorted adhesive bandages.
- Triangle bandages (three).
- Aspirin or substitute.
- Antibiotic ointment.
- Current prescriptions medicines.
- Disinfectant (for cleaning wounds).
- Petroleum jelly.
- Cotton balls.
- Tongue depressors (two).
- Soap and clean cloth/moistened towelettes.
- Eye dressing or pad.
- Paper tape.
- Small plastic cup.
- Pen and note paper.
- Emergency phone numbers.
- First aid reference guide or first aid manual.
Include usual non-prescription medications, including pain relievers, antacids, ipecac, laxatives, hydrocortisone cream and vitamins.
A Go Kit
You also might pack essential supplies in a backback that you can grab and go. Pack some gloves, bandages, flashlight, water, documentation of family members, and your family plan. A family plan puts everyone on the same page, no matter where they are. An out of state contact can act as your information hub since local communications would be less reliable. Consider a Go Kit for your car, one for your workplace, and one for each family member. That bag could come in handy.
An Emergency GO-KIT PASSPORT is a printed and detailed emergency plan that each family member should carry.
Neighborhood Emergency Team Kit
A NET Kit is a backpack which contains the tools and materials a NET member may use in an emergency deployment. It is not the same as a home preparedness kit.
Basic NET gear includes:
- Backpack, 1200 in³ or larger
- Protective helmet
- Safety goggles
- N95 alpha-style mask (two pack)
- 4-in-1 tool
- Duct tape, 10 yd. roll
- LED Flashlight
- NET ID and lanyard
- 15” prybar
- NET vest
- Cutting tool
- Nylon cord, ¹⁄₈” 100’ roll
- Tough gloves
- Note pad and writing instrument
- AM/FM radio
- First Aid kit
A 9.0 earthquake could last 3-5 minutes, compared to the 30-45 seconds of smaller, routine quakes. Un-reinforced masonry buildings are the most vulnerable, along with structures that have high centers of gravity, such as lift bridges. People could become stranded since I-5 is the only highway off the island.
Hayden Island is built on sandy soil, so liquefaction may disrupt roads, crack sewer, water and natural gas pipelines, down power and communications lines and cause damage to manufactured homes and condos if they fall off their foundations.
Manufactured Homes and Condos:
Mobile homes and manufactured houses are commonly NOT bolted to a foundation. Instead they rest on concrete blocks that are likely to collapse during low horizontal movement. This will cause the house to flop down onto its foundation.
A mobile home is likely to undergo less structural damage than an ordinary house, but is more likely to suffer extensive damage to the contents of the house. The house could be prevented from sliding off its blocks during an earthquake by replacing the blocks with a cripple wall and securing it. This would make the house insurable against earthquakes.
According to OSU, chances are two out of three that you’ll be at home when the next big earthquake strikes, and one out of three that you’ll be in bed. If you are an owner or even a renter, you can take steps to make your home safer against an earthquake.
- Strap your Water Heater and other heavy appliances.
- Cabinets. Inexpensive babyproof catches will keep cabinet doors closed during an earthquake
- Stove. Anchor a stove built on a brick hearth with three-eighths-inch diameter bolt.
- Propane Tanks. (1) Bolt the four legs of the tank to a concrete pad. (2) Install flexible hose connections between the tank, the supply line, and the entrance to your house. (3) Tie a wrench near the shut-off valve, and make sure all family members know how to use it.
In case of FIRE:
- Call 911 immediately. Evacuate residents and alert neighbors
- DO NOT enter the building if there is smoke and/or fire.
- Use fire extinguishers and garden hoses as needed.
- Send someone to meet fire truck(s) and assist in directing fire location. The fire department has an emergency code and gate key for access.
In case of HIGH WINDS:
- Secure deck furniture, boat tie downs, plant containers, etc. Tip taller plants/trees over.
- Check float tie-ups and chain connections.
- Be prepared to turn off gas, water, and/or electricity breaker. Check utility connections. Know
- the location of the nearest fire extinguishers.
- Be prepared with safety ropes if needed.
- Assist neighbors. Know how to contact them if they are away.
In case of BREAK-A-WAY Houses/Floats
- Call for help.
- Attach rope to cleat or stringer and secure to dock or piling, etc. until help can arrive.
- Turn off electrical breaker, gas and or water at walkway and report problem to utility company and moorage office.
In case of FLOOD or HIGH WATER
- Northwest Natural Gas will be notified of any gas leaks. They will turn off the gas service if they feel it is too dangerous or can’t repair a leak.
- NWNG will determine the appropriate action to take.
- Moorage staff will contact Row Captains to help notify residents in the event an evacuation is mandated.
- In the event of an evacuation, all vehicle and pedestrian gates will be held open to allow easy
- exit by residents leaving the moorage and easy access for emergency personnel.
Here are utility emergency numbers to keep handy:
- JBMI Moorage Office: (503) 283-2151
- PGE: (503) 464-7777, opt. 1
- NWNG: (503) 226-4211, opt. 9 or 1800-882-3377
- Police (Non-Emergency): (503) 823-3333
According to Oregonsunami.org, the threat of a Tsunami is mostly coastal. But boat owners and those who live on their boats need to take precautions. If conditions permit, dock your boat and get out of the tsunami evacuation zone. If a relative minor surge is expected in a few hours (from a Japanese tsunami), then you may want to take different actions.Oregon Geology has a handy Marine brochure
- Check with Coast Guard advisories before taking action.
- If offshore evacuation is the best option for your vessel, proceed to a staging area greater than 30 fathoms (180 ft).
- Go upriver, but DO YOUR HOMEWORK first. There won’t be time to outrun a Cascadia tsunami but the surge will dissipate as you go upriver.
- Do not return to local ports until you have firm guidance from USCG and local authorities.
- Local ports will sustain heavy damage from a local tsunami and may not be safe for days, weeks or months.
For boaters, tsunami dangers include:
- Sudden water-level fluctuations
- Grounding of vessels as water level suddenly drops
- Capsizing from incoming surges
- Strong and unpredictable currents that can change direction quickly
- Develop a personal evacuation plan for handling emergency situations.
- Establish a meeting place at home and away from home if you become separated
- Carry a card with emergency/cell phone numbers of family members. Have a key contact/phone number of an out of state family member.
- Gather survival kit/emergency supplies, as necessary.
- Follow direction of emergency personnel as required.
- Know common First-Aid procedures (including CPR).
- Know how to turn off utilities and operate safety equipment such as fire extinguishers.
A 30 foot Tsunami wave could inundate much of the low-lying coast just minutes after the shaking stops. Some 30,000 Oregonians live in the coastal tsunami inundation zone of a M9.0 earthquake. Run, don’t drive, to higher ground, says Kevin Cupples, the city planner for the town of Seaside, Oregon.
On the coast, go to high ground immediately, advises Oregon Geology, at least 15 m (50 ft) above sea level. Go inland away from the ocean as far as possible. If you are unable to evacuate but are near a multi-story, reinforced-concrete building, go to the third floor or higher.
The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, in Hawaii, issues Tsunami warnings minutes after the event. If the undersea event is thousands of miles away, it can take 4 hours before the Tsunami arrives.
Oregonians may not be so lucky. The “hot zone” is not far off our coast. A tsunami wave off Oregon’s southern coast (more typical) may take a little longer to arrive, but if the whole Cascadia margin “rips”, a Tsunami could hit in as little as 10-15 minutes. After the initial ground shaking, survivors may have just tens of minutes before the first wave makes landfall.
The ground could also fall as much as 6 feet in places, making roads unreliable. If you must, climb to the top of a 3-4 story concrete building.
Assuming the 30,000 residents are present at the time of the initial earthquake and begin evacuating the tsunami zone at a slow walk, as many as 6,000 residents may be unable reach higher ground before the first wave hits according to studies by the State of Oregon.
Tsunamis are primarily a coastal event. Any tsunami would be largely dissipated 50 miles up the Columbia River, near Longview, Washington, if not before.
However, Hayden Island residents are likely to experience severe liquefaction, moorage instabilities, and high currents which can damage ships and piers within harbors, according to Oregon Geology.
Liquefaction is a phenomenon whereby soil behaves like quick sand in response to earthquake shaking, because water is forced out and lubricates the soil.
It’s most often observed in sandy soils (like those of Hayden Island).Portland International (PDX) sits on soil prone to liquefaction while FEMA’s primary backup, Redmond airport (RDM), is 145 miles southeast.
- Nearly all the 500 mobile homes on the island are not attached to their foundations, so many could suffer major damage if they slip off their foundations during the 3-5 minutes of shaking.
- Floating homes could be buffetted back and forth from wave action while liquefaction and landslides along the sea bank could make it difficult to get to land.
- Most condominiums have been built fairly recently so they may do somewhat better, but the sandy soil of Hayden Island, and its isolation as an island in the middle of the Columbia could put both structures and utilities at risk.
How much of a risk island residents and visitors may face from earthquakes, liquefaction, landslides and oil/gas spills, nobody can say for sure. Earthquake prediction is not a “thing”.
Portland’s Neighborhood Emergency Teams (NETs) are community volunteers. Their mission is to respond and report the current situation for professional responders and provide help as best they can. Portland NET training is guided by Portland Fire and Rescue personnel to do the greatest good for the greatest number.
Here’s a map of currently active Neighborhood Emergency Teams and social media links on Facebook, Twitter, You Tube, and Tumblr. NET volunteers are your neighbors and may be the first on scene.
In an actual emergency, NET volunteers would meet at a nearby Staging Area, scout out the neighborhood situation in teams of two, identify tasks that unaffiliated volunteers can carry out, and communicate with the Portland Fire Bureau and Portland’s Emergency Operations Center via ham radios or walkie-talkies. Everyone is welcome to participate in NET training. It’s free.
This video illustrates what Neighborhood Emergency Teams do. Hayden Island should have an emergency team activated by the end of 2015.
Each neighborhood has its own NET Operations & Communications Plan that describes what to do and how it will be done.
A NET staging area is intended as a rally point for NET members to gather after an earthquake (or other disaster) before going out into the community to provide assistance.
In some cases the NET staging area and a Basic Earthquake Emergency Communication Node (BEECN) are co-located. BEECNs are designed for community support and community communications. They’re usually setup a day or two after an event.
NET volunteers provide immediate response, while Basic Earthquake Emergency Communication Nodes enable public outreach and communications.
Basic Earthquake Emergency Communication Node (BEECN)
A BEECN (Basic Earthquake Emergency Communication Node) is the place to go in Portland after a big earthquake to ask for emergency assistance if phone service is down, or to report severe damage or injury.
On Hayden Island, the Basic Earthquake Emergency Communication Node (BEECN) would likely be located on the Sleep Train parking lot, on the west side of the Jantzen Beach shopping center. BEECNs are located under a clearly marked red and white tent.
The BEECN Map also shows that the Bridgeton BEECN assembles at the Columbia Site Field, 716 NE Marine Drive (NE-10), and Kenton assembles at Arbor Lodge Park, N Dekum Street and N Greeley Avenue (N-8). There are 48 locations throughout Portland.
BEECNs are primarily intended for communication purposes. They are places for the public to go after a major earthquake to call for help. Visit publicalerts.org/earthquake for more information about the program.
Hayden Island’s Fire Station
Portland Fire & Rescue provides emergency response through 30 fire stations throughout Portland. Hayden Island has its own Fire station (just east of Safeway) which has communications and rescue gear. Rescue Boat 17, and Fire Boat 17.
Hayden Island’s on-duty fire personnel include one company officer, one Harbor pilot, one engineer, and one firefighter paramedic. Local firefighters will likely be overwhelmed and away responding to the worst incidents.
Each station has a red Pelican case with ham and BEECN radios to contact Portland’s Emergency Command Center, which is co-located at the 911 center in SE Portland. The ham radios at firestation are intended to communicate situation reports and other official communications when regular channels are down.
Each firestation has a ham radio and a large antenna that communicates many miles. The ham radio is available for firestation personnel as well as for NET volunteers who are licensed amateur radio operators.
Alternatively, walkie-talkies can be purchased at Walmart, Costco and Target for $20-$40 each. You don’t need a license to use FRS/GMRS walkie-talkies. Both kinds of radios may be available at staging areas around the city.
According to the Oregon Resiliency Plan, Oregon (even the nation) has never witnessed a disaster of this magnitude. Food, shelter, water, transportation and communications will all be affected.
What can you expect from a big quake? Broken water pipes, downed power lines, highways and bridges impassable, people trapped in elevators, derailed trains and head injuries from falling objects. The degree of disruption will vary.
Some utility interruptions will last 1-3 days, while others may be out for 18 to 36 months. Both businesses and citizens should plan on being self-sufficient for longer than the 72-hour period.
If you had to re-locate, where would you go? What would you do? What would you take? It’s worth considering. Buckle up.
Based on the findings of the Oregon Resilience Plan, the harsh truth is it won’t be business as usual. If the earthquake were to happen tomorrow, they estimate time to restore function would be:
- One month to one year to restore water and sewer in the valley zone.
- Six to twelve months to restore partial function of top-priority highways.
- Two to four months to restore police and fire stations.
- Eighteen months to restore healthcare facilities in the valley, three years or more in the coastal zone.
That’s a disaster. But everyone’s situation will be different.
Maybe you and your loved ones will be fine. Maybe your work place won’t. On Hayden Island, shelter, transportation, power and sewage could be major issues.
Should you stay or should you go? It depends. The Oregon Resiliency Plan indicates Portland will suffer moderate to heavy damage. You can deal with moderate damage, can’t you? But what about longer term?
Don’t panic. Let’s review the situation.
On Hayden Island, your residence may only have light damage and remain structurally sound. Great. You might shelter in place. But consider that there may be aftershocks for weeks and others who aren’t so lucky. Leaving the island (by boat) may be an option, but you can’t bring more than a backpack to a shelter.
You may have 50 gallons of water available in your hot water heater, but what about light, heat and power? How long before utilities are back? For the first 72 hours, don’t plan on any answers. Use your best judgement and listen to the radio.
You’ve got a disaster kit with camping supplies, food and a first aid kit, don’t you? Good. You’ll be okay. If you need help, get a message to the nearby BEECN communications tent. Remember, people on the coast have it a lot worse then you. Deal with it.
State designated emergency shelters are commonly schools and churches (which Hayden Island doesn’t have), followed by community centers that can hold many occupants. Local hotels and commercial buildings (such as mattress stores) might be used as temporary facilities. Today, most big-box stores use tilt-up concrete structures with light-framed wood or steel roofs. Buildings of this type that were constructed prior to 1995 have historically not performed well in earthquakes.
BPA studies indicate that their main grid would require between 7 and 51 days for completion of emergency damage repairs after a magnitude 9.0 Cascadia earthquake. Electricity (and gas) for heat, light, refrigeration, communications and other essentials may not be available…for days or weeks. Emergency generators could supply limited power to shelters, work areas and other facilities in a few days. But gasoline might be scarce. Solar panels and batteries would be helpful but the need would likely far exceed their capacity.
Camping at home for a week without power wouldn’t be a vacation. RVers on Hayden Island are probably the best prepared to “boondock”. Ask them for advice. They’re the experts.
Because U.S. 101 is expected to be impassable, I-5 will become the critical backbone after the earthquake. Emergency support may be staged along the corridor. A majority of bridges and other transportation infrastructure in western Oregon are susceptible to serious damage, particularly the Columbia I-5 bridge.
A Tier 1 route, such as I-5, is expected to be resilient within three days (at least for emergency vehicles), whereas a Tier 3 route may take up to four weeks. Initial help for impacted coastal areas will come first from cities along I-5 and later from the rest of the state. The bridge may be impassible. Say hello to Watertaxis.
Transit agencies may play an important role. TriMet, in conjunction with school district buses, may assist with emergency evacuation.
The river system and shipping channels could be significantly impacted. Marine issues include the condition of navigation channels immediately following a seismic event and how long it takes to clear navigation channels of silt and structural obstructions.
Without power, local grocery stores will be unable to keep frozen foods frozen or fresh meats and dairy cold enough to prevent spoiling. It is likely that most of the food in the grocery stores will be distributed (as opposed to sold) to the public because the store’s registers will not work without power and there would be no sense in letting frozen foods, meats, and dairy products spoil in the store. Once the food supply at local grocery stores is exhausted, the government will have to set up food distribution centers to support the population until local grocery stores regain electrical power and municipal services and can be resupplied.
Hayden Island is surrounded by water. But a Cascadia earthquake would result in catastrophic impacts to existing water and wastewater systems. Oregon’s pump stations along marine drive and waste water treatment plants, just south of the island, will subject to damage from liquefaction. Concrete and cast-iron pipe will likely fail and leak in hundreds of places around the region.
Emergency water supplies may meet only subsistence needs (for example, direct consumption and very limited bathing). For the first one to two months, water may be delivered via tankers to smaller tanks and bladders distributed throughout the community. People would wait in line to fill their containers and then carry the water home. Identification of each community’s backbone water and waste water systems is essential. Water to fire hydrants could take two weeks. Water service to homes and businesses could take considerably longer.
Figure at least one gallon of drinking water per person per day. A toilet tank and water heater can supply emergency sources. A $20 water filtering gadget, often used by campers, might be good to have in your emergency kit. Threats to public health and safety are expected to exist for one to three years on the Coast and six months to a year in the Valley. Clean water is paramount. Job one.
If your flush toilet doesn’t work and the sewers are down, folks in your household will appreciate the comfort, hygiene and safety that come with a simple twin bucket toilet. It’s easy to make. Two, 5 gallon plastic buckets, one for pee and one for poo does the trick.
A day’s worth of pee has almost 10 times the volume of poo. So the pee bucket will fill up a lot faster. A single bucket camp toilet would fill up quickly and the mix is a mess to deal with. It’s the poo bucket that contains most of the pathogens, but poo doesn’t take up much space.
Currently, essential healthcare facilities in Oregon are not expected to perform well during a Cascadia subduction zone seismic event. The facilities on the coast and in the valley will likely take over three years to recover to an operational state. Some facilities in eastern Oregon will take approximately 30 days to recover to an operational state.
Communications can’t be restored until roads and electricity are functional. A number of the towers and antennas, especially in Vancouver, are located on top of existing buildings. They will be only as reliable as the buildings they are on. Satellite phones, ham radio and walkie talkies may be the only reliable communications options in the first 72 hours. Cellular service may be restored relatively quickly but capacity will be constrained with demand high. Texting is better and more reliable than voice. Internet connectivity might be more likely to come from the Vancouver side since it’s closer for a microwave backhaul.
If you’re prepared to hunker down for 72 hours (three days), then give yourself credit. You’re ahead of the game.
It’s not the end of the world. The Big One may only cause moderate damage on Hayden Island and a temporary disruption in service. Nobody really knows. Plan for a worst case situation. Have lots of comfort food, lots of games and books, and small toys the kids enjoy. They’ll have a story to tell the next generation.
State of Oregon OEM
The State of Oregon Emergency Management Office (Facebookand Twitter) is responsible for coordinating and facilitating emergency planning, preparedness, response and recovery activities with the state and local emergency services agencies.
The OEM is divided into three sections: Technology and Response, Mitigation and Recovery, and Plans and Training.
The Oregon Geology agency has created hazard maps using Hazus software and lidar data. Their HazVu map lets you view various geohazards in Oregon.FEMAs GIS software is used to estimate physical, economic and social impacts of earthquakes,hurricanes and floods. It uses state databases to show high-risk locations and provides compatibility with ArcGIS 10.2.2 and Windows 8.
It adjoins the city’s 911 center on SE 99th and Powell, adjacent to Ed Benedict Park. The mission of the Oregon Seismic Safety Policy Advisory Commission is to reduce exposure to earthquake hazards in Oregon.
FEMA is the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Region Xsupports the citizens and first responders of Oregon andWashington as well as Alaska, and Idaho. FEMA has more info onDam Safety, Data Visualization, Disaster Recovery Center Locator,Emergency Management Agencies, Fact Sheets, National Incident Management System, and Recovery Resources. They offerEarthquake training and their Emergency Management Instituteoffers self-paced courses for emergency management personnel and the general public.
The Coast Guard’s Columbia River Sector covers 420 miles of coast, 465 miles of inland rivers and 33 ports. The Portland Station on Swan Island is responsible for 127 river miles on the Columbia & Willamette Rivers. On the Columbia River, their responsibility starts from Puget Island (river mile 45) to the Bonneville Lock and Dam (river mile 145).
For marine emergencies the station can be contacted via VHF radio on channel 16, or by calling 503-240-9365. Station Cape Disappointment covers the Columbia River west of Puget Island.
The Oregon Air National Guard (OR ANG) is the aerial militia of Oregon under the jurisdiction of the Governor. The Oregon Air National Guard consists of the 142d Fighter Wing (F15s at PDX), the 173rd Fighter Wing (F15s at KFalls), and the Combat Operations Group with weather and air traffic control squadrons.
The 304th Rescue Squadron is an Air Force Reserve Command combat-search-and-rescue unit located at the Portland Air National Guard Base. The Oregon Army National Guard has a similar chain of command with the Governor of Oregon as its Commander-in-Chief. The Oregon Army National Guard responds to natural disasters and conducts search and rescue operations.
The Air National Guard Base at PDX does joint maneuvers with the Air National Guard Base at Kingsley Field in Klamath Falls. Other Oregon National Guard Operations Groups include the116th Air Control Squadron (ACS), 125th Special Tactics Squadron(STS) and the 123rd Weather Flight (WF).
Don’t expect to be calling in hyperspectal scans of industrial spills along the Willamette or Columbia Rivers to the National Guard. A $1,000 Consumer DJI drone would likely produce more actionable intelligence. Faster. Cheaper. Better.
Alerts and social media can keep you informed. Alerts (likeAmber Alerts) are short messages that can be sent over broadcast radio, television or even using telephone robocalls.Social media, like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Tumblr, Redditand others, commonly use cellular or landlines, enabling two-way communication.
PublicAlerts is an online connection for residents in the Portland region to real-time emergency information. PublicAlerts can be received on your phone or PC using their web page or Twitter Feed. Sign-up if you want emergency texts delivered to your phone. PublicAlerts provide information on LOCAL disruptions involving roads and bridges, transit, public health, public safety,utilities, community services, schools, NET alerts, and weather.
Federal Emergency Alert System
The Emergency Alert System (EAS) is a national warning system put into place in 1997 to enable the President to speak to the United States within 10 minutes and for local emergencies. EAS messages are transmitted via AM, FM, broadcast TV, cable television and Land Mobile Radio Service, as well as VHF, UHF, and FiOS. The Commercial Mobile Alert System, for smartphones,targets specific geographic areas through cell towers. Three types of messages will be sent to mobile phones: imminent threats, presidential messages, and Amber Alerts.
Most alerts will be issued by the National Weather Service. You can’t opt-out of Presidential Alerts, but you can decline receiving Imminent threats or AMBER alerts. Under device instructions, select Email & messaging > Messaging settings. Oregon State Police also have a Flash Alert Twitter feed.
Social media lets users share and create content with 2-way communications. Concerns can be addressed. Cellular and landline communications, however, may be saturated or down in a big event. Public access to information may be established in isolated areas at first, perhaps enabled by working cellular, landlines, or commercial and consumer satellite internet connections. Here’s how to create a successful twitter wall using Crowdscreen.
Social Media Walls display crowd-sourced tweets, Instagram photos and Facebook posts on a big screen. Participants tweet and post with the hashtag created by you. Live sources might include live cameras along the Oregon Coast and ODOT’s Statewide Cameras as well as Portland Police Incidents (Twitter feed), Portland Fire Tweets, Portland Emergency Management tweets, Oregon Emergency Management tweets and Oregon State Police Twitter feeds.
There could be a variety of live media walls:
- Official Twitter feeds from government agencies such as Portland Fire, Portland Police, Portland OEM, Portland Weather Alerts,Oregon OEM, OSP, Vancouver OEM, and Washington State Patrol.
- Unofficial Citizen generated Twitter, Facebook and Instagramstreams such as #VanWa and #Pdxalerts.
- Live cameras and live maps along with Events, interviews and StoryMaker-produced community news.
A beacon like Google’s Eddystone, is discoverable by any nearby Bluetooth Smart device. They last for years and cost about $20 a pop. They broadcast URL links to location specific information. Place local news on an SD card and create localized landing pages. Bingo.
TriMet and Google have activated 87 light-rail stations. The beacon automatically connects with your Bluetooth-enabled smartphone, causing an alert with the station name to pop up on your home screen. Tap the notification and your phone will give you detailed arrival information about approaching trains.
Cellular carriers like AT&T, Verizon, T-Mobile and Sprint can be life savers. But cellular sites may be unreliable, overloaded or without power for some time after an earthquake. Fuel for a cell site’s emergency generator may run out in 8 hours — and gas could be hard to get for months.
Restoring cellular will be a priority. The island is well served by all four cell carriers. Verizon’s tower is inside the Hooters clock sign, AT&T towers are in back of Denny’s and on East Hayden Island, Sprint & T-Mobile towers by the boat works opposite the Expo Center and Vancouver. SignalCheck, an Android app, shows signal strengths and location of the cell tower. Secret Android engineering codes let you find out what’s going on with your phone.
Cell towers on top of Vancouver buildings, often pick up Hayden Island 911 calls. As a consequence, 911 calls may be answered by Clark County Regional Emergency Servicesnot Multnomah County 911. Calls will be relayed to the appropriate provider.
Cell towers on top of Vancouver buildings, often pick up Hayden Island 911 calls. As a consequence, 911 calls may be answered by Clark County Regional Emergency Services
Rooftop celltowers, however, don’t support large emergency generators. In a real disaster, with power out for days, cellular service may be first restored at stand-alone towers or by self-contained trucks called Cellular On Wheels (COWs). With cellular service restored, lots of useful services will follow. T-Mobile’s hotspot plans, for example, include a 14GB/mo (unlimited) data plan for $95/month.
Portland Emergency Management recommends a number of Android, IOS, and Windows apps. PDX Reporter, for example, allows residents to report and request service calls to city assets and infrastructure for the City of Portland.
Lots of emergency apps are available for Android and IOS. A few$150 Touch-Screen laptop/tablets with hundreds of documents, videos, music, ebooks, and entertainment on-board could be very helpful. Archive.org has lots of public domain entertainment that can be downloaded.
Glympse is a fast, free, and simple way to share your location in real time with the people you trust. Other apps include locate my friends and GPS phone tracker. People in your Google circles can share their location with you, so you’ll be able to see it on a map from your Android or iOS device. The function of GPS tracking devices may be largely duplicated using a variety of Android andIOS apps on a phone.
Facebook has a new live broadcasting feature. It will allow Facebook to compete with Twitter’s Periscope and Meerkat, both of which turn phone users into broadcasters. Broadcasts will be automatically saved for those who want to catch a replay.
Other gadgets include GoTenna which turns your iOS or Android device into an off-grid communications tool. The $300/pair VHF data radio connects to tablets via Bluetooth and has a range of 2-5 miles. No radio tower or license required. Short-range Bluetooth trackers, about $25/each, can help track pets or kids.
There are many Open Source Resources for Disaster & Emergency Management. The White House Innovation for Disaster Response, launched in the wake of Hurricane Sandy, encourages technology that can empower survivors, first responders, and governments.
Free and open source management platforms include Ushahidiwhich uses crowdsourcing and Open Street Maps to map crisis information. The OpenStreetMap community can provide support, tracing out still open roads, flooding, and earthquake damage from the latest satellite imagery.
Hours old satellite imagery, available from Digital Globe, Spot,and a variety of Earth Imaging Startups and drones enable Mapathon organizers and Digital Humanitarian Organzations to create maps that show near real time status of roads and infrastructure. LearnOSM.org explains how to get started.
The Sahana Software Foundation develops free and open source software for disaster response coordination. It is a web based collaboration tool that addresses the common coordination problems during a disaster from finding missing people, managing aid, managing volunteers, tracking camps, the government, NGOs and the victims.
Other handy apps that (mostly) need internet connections include:
- The American Red Cross provides different disaster preparedness apps in English and Spanish.
- Earthquake by American Red Cross lets you receive alerts and notifications when an earthquake occurs, prepare, and find help and let others know you are safe. QuakeFeed is the #1 Earthquake App for the iPad and iPhone.
- The FEMA mobile app for phones and tablets contains disaster safety tips, an interactive emergency kit list, meeting locations, and a map with open shelters.
- Google’s Person Finder can assist you in both locating loved ones and sharing news with others.
- Facebook’s Safety Check uses geolocation to let those close to a crisis zone check in and let their Facebook friends know that they’re safe.
- Facebook’s new live broadcasting feature will allow Facebook to compete with Twitter’s Periscope and Meerkat, both of which turn phone users into broadcasters. Video broadcasts will be automatically saved for later replays.
- Airbnb, a community marketplace for housing, has a disaster response tool to easily find free housing through the Airbnb platform.
- ShakeMap and ShakeCast are post-earthquake information tools for rapid situational awareness.
- TaskRabbit is a web portal offering a real-time marketplace to connect local service providers with those that need assistance, without any fees
- GeoQ crowdsources geo-tagged photos of disaster-affected areas to assess damage over large regions
- SeeClickFix provides a database of citizen requests to help generate clear and actionable data on the state of infrastructure
- Microsoft-sponsored Humanitarian Toolbox is an open-source resource for developers with tools can be adapted, integrated and deployed to various situations.
- Mitre Open Source Software has many development tools.
- Google Docs as well as DropBox and Google Drive make sharing documents easy. Wiggio is a free web application for working in groups.
- Yammer Survivor Network hosts private, online community spaces to serve as connection points and support networks for survivors and responders.
- Skype, of course, is available for Android, Mac and IOS andWindows.
- StoryMaker lets you shoot, edit and publish a story right on your mobile. Create a daily news report. Store your daily reports on a hotspot (locally) or on the web (globally).
Local media has laid off many journalists. You may be it.
Geology and oceanography have come together this year in the Ocean Observatories Initiative, an unprecedented new tool for monitoring our coast. It will improve the already comprehensive seismic network throughout the Northwest and California.
Currently, some 240 seismometers have been installed throughout Washington and Oregon to detect vibrations. They send readings to a computer at the UW, where the regional seismic network creates an automated report within about 10 minutes after any seismic event.
Pacific Northwest Seismology Network (PNSN) recently implemented an earthquake warning system to predict the strength and location of earthquakes and provide short-term warnings. The earthquake warning system is under development, but not yet available to the public.
ShakeAlert would use a network of high-end sensors placed by a consortium that includes the Berkeley Seismological Laboratory, the U.S. Geological Survey, the Caltech Seismological Laboratory, University of Washington and the University of Oregon.
It might give Seattle and Portland as much as three or four minutes’ warning for a big offshore quake near the Bay Area, and as much as 30 seconds for an earthquake on one of the onshore faults. But there’s no funding to make it public. The Cascadia Region Earthquake Workgroup has more. Here are the Latest Earthquakes in the North Pacific.
The Cascadia Initiative (pdf) is assembling a much more complete scientific picture of the Northwest’s most dangerous fault — including what to expect the next time it ruptures. It’s deployed more than 60 ocean-bottom seismometers and pressure gauges and is now receiving a “live” profile of events off our coast.
The Ocean Observatories Initiative has wired up the west coast, from California to Canada. It’s the most extensive ocean monitoring system yet devised. Rutgers plans to hook up their ocean observatory to similar projects on the East coast and will deliver OOI’s Cyberinfrastructure. Woods Hole, Oregon State University and Scripps are responsible for the OOI coastal and global arrays and their autonomous vehicles.
Sensors on the Axial Seamount on the Juan de Fuca spreading center are now live. Axial is the most active volcanic site in the North Pacific.
Join the crew on the April-May 2015 Axial Seamount expendition, mapping, and sampling the new lava flows from the 2015 eruption. In the summer of 2014, Bill Chadwick and colleaguescorrectly predicted that Axial Seamount would erupt in 2015.
Maybe they’ll bring back some hyperthermophiles, one of many weirdly amazing extremophiles. They can live in temperatures above boiling, in crushing depth and blackness. They’re surrounded by sub-freezing water kept liquid by immense pressure. How did they get there?
You can bet big pharma wants a piece of that DNA to create and patent new bio-engineered life forms. We’re in international waters here.
The Wild West.
John Delaney, father of deep-sea, fiber-fed observatories, explains it all.
The next 9.0 Cascadia Subduction Zone Earthquake could happen anytime. We are now 315 years into a 200-500 year cycle. This is the Big One. Buildings will topple, utilities will be out and people will die.
FEMA projects that nearly 13,000 people will die in the Cascadia earthquake and tsunami. Another 27,000 injured.
But there’s good news! Northwesterners tend to be outdoorsy and have boots, tents, sleeping bags and cooking stoves. We also have a high level of volunteerism and social cohesion. We are strong and resilient. We can adapt. It’s not the end of the world.
The Oregon Resilience Plan concludes very large earthquakes will occur in Oregon’s future, and our state’s infrastructure will remain poorly prepared to meet the threat unless we take action now.
Why not start this week, creating a plan and a supply kit. Just in case.
- New Yorker: Oregon Earthquake
- Oregon Field Guide’s “Unprepared”
- Oregon Live: Preparing for The Really Big One
- Portland Mercury: The First Four Minutes
- Portland Monthly: Earthquake Survival Guide
- Willamette Week: Quake-Up Call
- Subduction zones and earthquakes
- Cascadia Subduction Zone
- Wikipedia: Megathrust earthquakes
- Wikipedia: Juan de Fuca spreading center
- Wikipedia: Blanco Fracture Zone
- Wikipedia: Gorda Ridge
- Wikipedia: Liquefaction
- Wikipedia: Seismic retrofits
- Oregon Resilience Plan
- Pacific Northwest Seismic Network
- Ocean Observatories Initiative
- Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory
- Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (Twitter)
- FEMA, Earthquakes, Region X in Oregon and Washington
- State of Oregon Emergency Management Office
- Oregon State Police
- Multnomah County Emergency Management
- Clark County Regional Emergency Services Agency
- Portland Bureau of Emergency Management
- Portland Fire & Rescue
- Neighorhood Emergency Teams
- NET Facebook page and NET Bulletins
- BEECN Map and BEECN – Spanish
- Oregon Geology
- Public Alerts
- Portland General
- Pacific Power
- NW Natural
- Portland Water Bureau
- Oregon’s Critical Energy Infrastructure Hub
- Army Corps of Engineers
- BPA study
Preparation: Before the Quake
- Checklist for Homeowners
- Emergency Communication Plan
- Emergency Supplies for Earthquake Preparedness
- Red Cross: Earthquake Preparedness
- National Tsunami Mitigation Program
- Tsunami for Oregon boat owners
- Jantzen Beach Moorage EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
- Family Plan for the big shake
- 17 Videos on Basic Preparedness from Portland Emergency Management
- How to make a disaster kit and a first aid kit
- Go Bag for Kids
- Pet Preparedness from Portland Emergency Management
- Earthquake Preparedness Guide for People with Disabilities
- Key Earthquake Safety Tips for People with Disabilities
- Earthquake Preparation in Spanish
- Red Cross: Disaster and Safety in multiple languages
- Portland Amateur Radio Club
- Tualatin Valley Amateur Radio Club
- Clark County Amateur Radio Club
- Northwest Traffic and Training Net
- Portland and Vancouver repeater frequencies
- Scanner frequencies for Multnomah and Clark Counties
- Live scanner audio
- FEMA: Basic Disaster Supplies Kit
- OEM: Basic Disaster Supplies Kit
- First Aid Kit
- Red Cross Family Go Kit
- FEMA mobile app
- Portland Emergency Management apps.
- Earthquake App American Red Cross
- ShakeMap and ShakeCast
- Oregon Newspapers
- Oregon Radio
- Oregon TV
- Washington State Media
- The Daily Astorian
- Seaside Signal
- The News-Times (Newport)
- Chinook Observer (Long Beach, Washington)
- Salem Statesman Journal
- Oregon Live
- Vancouver Columbian
- City of Portland: Social Media Directory
- Facebook: Portland
- Twitter: Portland
- Flickr: Portland
- Instagram: Portland
- Reddit: Earthquakes
- Reddit: Portland
- American Red Cross 503-284-1234
- American Humane Society 503-285-7722
- Living on Shaky Ground humboldt.edu/shakyground
- USGS Earthquake Preparedness earthquake.usgs.gov/prepare
- NOAA Tsunami Preparedness tsunami.noaa.gov/prepare.html
- FEMA ready.gov
- Centers for Disease Control www.bt.cdc.gov
- National Weather Service nws.noaa.gov
- Oregon Dept of Forestry oregon.gov/ODF
This web site was created by Hayden Island Neighborhood Emergency Team (NET) volunteers. The goal is to spread awareness of earthquake and emergency preparedness.
Hayden Island currently has about a dozen people who have taken the (free) 20 hour class offered by the Portland Bureau of Emergency Management. The objective of neighborhood-based NET training is to enable each neighborhood to have volunteers that can check on the welfare of neighbors, provide assistance if needed, and document the situation for professional responders.
NET guidelines and training cover personal safety, basic triage, and damage assessment. It uses FEMA-based CERT training standards.
The text and WordPress wrangling of this document was produced by:
www.hayden-island.com (General information about Hayden Island)
www.hayden-island.net (Emergency Preparedness for Hayden Island)
1503 N. Hayden Island Drive #131
You can get this booklet free at:
- hayden-island.net (This site)
- hayden-island.com (Information about Hayden Island)
- hinet.atavist.com/net (Mobile)
- emergency_guide.pdf (Free pdf)
- Kindle download ($2)
This website uses what is called responsive design so it automatically re-formats for displaying on phones, tablets or PCs. We used WordPress, the most popular blogging software. It’s hosted by DreamHost.
The problem with all websites is that you need internet access. To get around that, we’ve made universal files (such as pdf, epub and mobi), that can be downloaded (free) and stored on a phone or tablet. They can be read by IOS or Android devices as well as Kindle ebook software (which uses the .mobi format).
Viewers are available for all platforms. For ebooks, Apple, PC and Android use the E-Pub standard (in their open source versions). PDF, of course, is pretty standard on any platform and prints well, but it can’t re-flow the text so is less able to display ideally on different screen sizes.
We used Atavist to create an on-line version of this website, so you can view all the videos and click most of the links. Atavist is handy in that it can also store versions in pdf, mobi, or epub formats. So we did that.
I used Smashwords to store the free ePub version. Smashwords offers free ebook storage. Amazon’s Kindle ebook required me to charge a minimum or $1.99, but it is easy to download. Amazon’s Kindle readers are available on nearly all platforms.
Ideally there will also be a free 4″x6″ paper booklet, available as handouts at public events.
Hope you enjoyed the Hayden Island Emergency Guidebook. This is a work in progress, both in content and in production. Let me know what you’d like to see changed. I’m open to suggestions.